Elko Nevada History
The humble town of Elko in northern Nevada is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the state of Nevada, and it only makes sense that the old-fashioned department store is known as the "Elko General Merchandise and Anacabe Store." Founded in 1869 as a railroad - the city and rail station for the White Pine Mine - it has served for generations as part of a vast cattle and cattle empire that spans parts of four states. Founded in 1869 for a railroad - to promote neighborhoods and railroad heads in the white pine mines - El Koos is now an important part of a hugely successful railway empire, a "vast cattle-farm empire" that extends partially or across all four states.
Besides Humboldt and its mountain ranges, hundreds of miles of streams flow through Elko, and there are also a number of small towns and communities along the Nevada, California and Oregon borders. In fact, according to the US Bureau of Land Management, "Elko has served and will continue to serve more cattle and cattle farms than Connecticut, Rhode Island, and Massachusetts. Combined. It is also one of the most popular tourist destinations in the state of Nevada.
The Northeastern Nevada Museum on Idaho Street houses a collection of rare mastodon fossils found in Spring Creek, and the California Trail Center, which is on a recent stretch of the trail, tells the story of Elko as a California 49ers city. The museum does a great job of summarizing the history and history of Nevada and its people and the State of California. It features a museum that celebrates some of the heritage of northeastern Nevada, with exhibits covering everything from mining to mining history, mining and mining in the Sierra Nevada, oil and gas exploration, mining and much more.
When the University of Nevada moved from Elko to Reno in 1886, the abandoned educational building was converted into Elko County Hospital. After the bar closed, the entire building and its belongings were abandoned, but in the 1970s, two Halleck ranchers who supported the bar restored it and donated it to the Northeast Nevada Museum. St. Mark's began construction of a new building on the site of its former Idaho Street site, which was built by Don Knapp, a developer. In front of today's courthouse, completed in 1911 for $150,000, it stood on the corner of Idaho and Main Street, south of Interstate 80.
The Elko County Courthouse, the first of its kind in the state of Nevada and the only one in Nevada at that time.
In 1895 the Elko County Education Board established the first secondary school in the county. In the late 19th century, Dr. William H. C. Brown, a physician and assistant physician, practiced medicine in Elkhart. The first woman to appear on the county's general ballot, Mary Rose, was elected in 1924 and served in the legislature in 1925.
In 1983, the Nevada State Legislature passed Senate Bill 153, which enabled the state to enact the first Constitution for the Elko County, Nevada District. When Nevada was a territory and when it became a state, at 11: 00 a.m. two more counties, Lander and Nye, were organized, while there were 11 in Utah territory and 11 when Nevada was territory. Only Humboldt County (which existed as a county in the Utah Territory) was established, established and maintained as a "county" of the Nevada Territory and the State of Nevadans. The Nevada Legislature has carved out Lander County as new towns emerge to open up new mining areas in the north and east.
In 1874, the state established the campus of the University of Nevada, but the university moved to Reno in 1884. A boom - and bust - cycle in mining soon brought the decline to Elko and shortly after to Nye County, Nevada.
People stayed in Elko as they built a hotel, a school and even a train station for the Central Pacific Railway. The old California Trail, followed by the Central Pacific Railroad, was bypassed far north, but the tracks still run through downtown El Koos today.
It connects Elko to Owyhee and southern Idaho, stretches southeast to Spring Creek and Lamoille, and is part of the Gemstone Trail Network, from which you can see the Great Smoky Mountains, the Mojave Desert and the Sierra Nevada. Apart from Nevada, it is filled with the views that make Nevada a unique western state. There are plans to share this corner of the Silver State with Idaho and Utah, as well as the states of California, Arizona, Colorado, Utah and Wyoming, by 2021.
This piece is part of a series of articles about Elko, Nevada, 1868 - 1968, compiled by the Nevada State Historical Society and the Las Vegas Review - Journal. Join us for the presentation of the history of the brown bag on Tuesday, October 10, at 7 p.m. at El Koi Community Center.